Name

rmdir — delete a directory

Synopsis

#include <unistd.h>
int rmdir( const char *pathname);
 

DESCRIPTION

rmdir() deletes a directory, which must be empty.

RETURN VALUE

On success, zero is returned. On error, −1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately.

ERRORS

EACCES

Write access to the directory containing pathname was not allowed, or one of the directories in the path prefix of pathname did not allow search permission. (See also path_resolution(7).

EBUSY

pathname is currently in use by the system or some process that prevents its removal. On Linux this means pathname is currently used as a mount point or is the root directory of the calling process.

EFAULT

pathname points outside your accessible address space.

EINVAL

pathname has . as last component.

ELOOP

Too many symbolic links were encountered in resolving pathname.

ENAMETOOLONG

pathname was too long.

ENOENT

A directory component in pathname does not exist or is a dangling symbolic link.

ENOMEM

Insufficient kernel memory was available.

ENOTDIR

pathname, or a component used as a directory in pathname, is not, in fact, a directory.

ENOTEMPTY

pathname contains entries other than . and .. ; or, pathname has .. as its final component. POSIX.1-2001 also allows EEXIST for this condition.

EPERM

The directory containing pathname has the sticky bit (S_ISVTX) set and the process's effective user ID is neither the user ID of the file to be deleted nor that of the directory containing it, and the process is not privileged (Linux: does not have the CAP_FOWNER capability).

EPERM

The file system containing pathname does not support the removal of directories.

EROFS

pathname refers to a directory on a read-only file system.

CONFORMING TO

SVr4, 4.3BSD, POSIX.1-2001.

BUGS

Infelicities in the protocol underlying NFS can cause the unexpected disappearance of directories which are still being used.

SEE ALSO

rm(1), rmdir(1), chdir(2), chmod(2), mkdir(2), rename(2), unlink(2), unlinkat(2)

COLOPHON

This page is part of release 3.52 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man−pages/.


  This manpage is Copyright (C) 1992 Drew Eckhardt;
            and Copyright (C) 1993 Michael Haardt, Ian Jackson.

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Modified 1993-07-24 by Rik Faith <faithcs.unc.edu>
Modified 1997-01-31 by Eric S. Raymond <esrthyrsus.com>
Modified 2004-06-23 by Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpagesgmail.com>