des_crypt, ecb_crypt, cbc_crypt, des_setparity, DES_FAILED — fast DES encryption


#include <rpc/des_crypt.h>
int ecb_crypt( char *key,
  char *data,
  unsigned datalen,
  unsigned mode);
int cbc_crypt( char *key,
  char *data,
  unsigned datalen,
  unsigned mode,
  char *ivec);
void des_setparity( char *key);
int DES_FAILED( int status);


ecb_crypt() and cbc_crypt() implement the NBS DES (Data Encryption Standard). These routines are faster and more general purpose than crypt(3). They also are able to utilize DES hardware if it is available. ecb_crypt() encrypts in ECB (Electronic Code Book) mode, which encrypts blocks of data independently. cbc_crypt() encrypts in CBC (Cipher Block Chaining) mode, which chains together successive blocks. CBC mode protects against insertions, deletions and substitutions of blocks. Also, regularities in the clear text will not appear in the cipher text.

Here is how to use these routines. The first argument, key, is the 8-byte encryption key with parity. To set the key's parity, which for DES is in the low bit of each byte, use des_setparity(). The second argument, data, contains the data to be encrypted or decrypted. The third argument, datalen, is the length in bytes of data, which must be a multiple of 8. The fourth argument, mode, is formed by ORing together some things. For the encryption direction OR in either DES_ENCRYPT or DES_DECRYPT. For software versus hardware encryption, OR in either DES_HW or DES_SW. If DES_HW is specified, and there is no hardware, then the encryption is performed in software and the routine returns DESERR_NOHWDEVICE. For cbc_crypt(), the argument ivec is the 8-byte initialization vector for the chaining. It is updated to the next initialization vector upon return.



No error.


Encryption succeeded, but done in software instead of the requested hardware.


An error occurred in the hardware or driver.


Bad argument to routine.

Given a result status stat, the macro DES_FAILED(stat) is false only for the first two statuses.


These routines are present in libc 4.6.27 and later, and in glibc 2.1 and later.


4.3BSD. Not in POSIX.1-2001.


des(1), crypt(3), xcrypt(3)


This page is part of release 3.52 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at−pages/.

  (#)des_crypt.3 2.1 88/08/11 4.0 RPCSRC; from 1.16 88/03/02 SMI;

Taken from libc4 sources, which say:
Copyright (C) 1993 Eric Young - can be distributed under GPL.

However, the above header line suggests that this file in fact is
Copyright Sun Microsystems, Inc (and is provided for unrestricted use,
see other Sun RPC sources).

can be distributed under GPL.