Name

ilogb, ilogbf, ilogbl — get integer exponent of a floating-point value

Synopsis

#include <math.h>
int ilogb( double x);
 
int ilogbf( float x);
 
int ilogbl( long double x);
 
[Note] Note
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
ilogb():
_BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 || _XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L;
or cc -std=c99
ilogbf(), ilogbl():
_BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L;
or cc -std=c99
[Note] Note

Link with −lm.

DESCRIPTION

These functions return the exponent part of their argument as a signed integer. When no error occurs, these functions are equivalent to the corresponding logb(3) functions, cast to int.

RETURN VALUE

On success, these functions return the exponent of x, as a signed integer.

If x is zero, then a domain error occurs, and the functions return FP_ILOGB0.

If x is a NaN, then a domain error occurs, and the functions return FP_ILOGBNAN.

If x is negative infinity or positive infinity, then a domain error occurs, and the functions return INT_MAX.

ERRORS

See math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when calling these functions.

The following errors can occur:

Domain error: x is 0 or a NaN

An invalid floating-point exception (FE_INVALID) is raised.

These functions do not set errno for this case.

Domain error: x is an infinity

These functions do not set errno or raise an exception for this case.

CONFORMING TO

C99, POSIX.1-2001.

SEE ALSO

log(3), logb(3), significand(3)

COLOPHON

This page is part of release 3.52 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man−pages/.


  Copyright 2004 Andries Brouwer <aebcwi.nl>.
and Copyright 2008, Linux Foundation, written by Michael Kerrisk
    <mtk.manpagesgmail.com>

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